Arrival to the peninsula
Roma went to Spain as groups of pilgrims on their way to Compostela and other holy sites to purge their apostasy. Alfonso V of Aragón (12 January 1425) granted them safe passage to travel for three months through his territory. On 9 June 1447 they arrived in Barcelona, and Juan II of Castile granted them safe conduct in 1460.
Each of these counts and dukes was accompanied by about 100 people, which suggests that no more than 1,000 Roma originally made their way into Spain. They were highly mobile and the cause of great excitement and amazement for the population because of the way they dressed and their behaviour. They were very well received by kings and nobles, who gave them safe conduct passes, gifts and food for themselves and their animals, as was customary to do with pilgrims.