LANGUAGE

Contributions to Spanish

Romani is a language that has been enriched as it has coexisted with different cultures and languages. It has incorporated words from a wide range of sources. On some occasions it has brought words from far-flung places while on others it has impregnated the general speech of non-Roma in the country with Romani vocabulary, preserving the same meaning that these terms originally had or partially or substantially modifying them.

These loanwords make up a vocabulary whose etymological origin is unknown to the vast majority of people, and in some cases they are identified with marginalised and criminal environments without people realising that they are actually using loanwords from an ancestral language. There are lots of words in Spanish derived from Romani. Here are some of them:

Chaval

Boy
Chalado

Mad
Pirado

Mad
Pirarse

Leave
Camelar

Seduce
Chorizo

Thief
Molar

Be cool
Achantar

Intimidate
Achanta la mui!

Shut up
Pinreles

Feet
Parné

Money
Pureta

Old
Jalar

Eat
Pribar

Drink
Calas

Money
Chachi

Fantastic
Apoquinar

Pay
Currar

Work
Changar

Spoil
Diñar

Give
Baranda

Vulgar way to refer to someone
Cate

Punch
Quer / Queli

House
Chinarse

Get angry, cower
Langui

Lame
Chinorri

Small
Julai

Berk
Sobar

Sleep
Nanai

No way
Najar

Flee
Chivarse

Snitch
Mangar

Steal

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